Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa, making it one of the screen summits. It very popular with both experienced hikers and first-time adventures because it is considered to be the easiest of the screen summits scaling the mountain requires no technical skills or equipment such as rope or ice axe it is a hiking peak, not mountaineering.
Kilimanjaro is not only Africa’s tallest peak but also the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, the summit named UHURU POINT , is about 5,895 metres (193441 feet) above sea level while most high mountains are part of range, such as mount Everest Himalayan mountain range freestanding mountains like Kilimanjaro are usually a result of volcanic activity.
The origin of the name Kilimanjaro is not certain the most popular answer, is that the name comes from the Swahili word “kilima” (mountain) and the chagga word “njaro” (witness). another possibility is that Kilimanjaro is the European pronunciation of a kichagga phrase meaning “we failed to climb it”.
While climbing Kilimanjaro trekkers will experience five distinct ecological zones on their way to the to, Each zone gets colder and drier as the elevation increase plant and animals disappear the summit is in the arctic zone which is characterized by ice and rock. At this altitude, categorized as extreme, there can be no permanent human habitation as the body is in a state of deterioration (short exposures are Ok.)
Mount Kilimanjaro was first climbed in 1889 by Germany geologist Hans Mayer an Austrian climber Ludwig Purtscheller and a local guide Yohan Kinyala Lauwo on Hans Meyer’s first attempt in 1887, he made it to the base of Kibo because he did not have equipment for heavy snow and ice. He made a second time attempt in 1888 that was also unsuccessful.