The salous game reserve is protected area in southern Tanzania. It covera a total area of 50,000 square kilometers ( 19,000sq miles) and has additional buffer zones. It was designed a UNESCO world heritage site in 1982 due to its wildlife diversity and undisturbed nature some of the typical wildlife of the miombo inhabits the reserve such as African bush elephant, black, rhino hippopotamus, lion, East African wild dog, cape buffalo, maasai giraffe, plains zebra and nile crocodile.
Permanent human habiatatio is not permitted within the reserve. All human entry and exit is controlled by the wildlife division of the Tanzania ministry of natural resources and tourism.
The reserve was named after Fredric Selous a famous big game hunter and early conservationist, who died at Beho Beho in this territory in 1917 while fighting against the Germans duriug World War 1. scottsh explorer and cartographer Keith Johson had died at BehoBeho in 1879 while leading a Royal Geographyical society expedition to the great lakes of Africa with Joseph Thomsom the area in 1896 by the German Governor of Tanganyika Herman von wissmann, and became hunting in 1905.
Walking Safaris are permited in the Selous, and boat trips on the Rufiji are a popular activity. A boundary change to allow the use of uranium deposits has been approved. The approval for the boundary change was given by the UNESCO and Seriously critcized by environmentalists and Organizations .eg: Uranium – Network and Rain forest Rescue.